Justice and Memory

Experiential activity Higher Normal School Antonio Mentruyt

The third video from our the Intimate Cartographies in Community project. Deconstructing the idea that the past and the present are disconnected with tours around the district with secondary school students and teachers through sites of memory related to the recent traumatic past.

Video transcript:

0: 04: Students leaving: Don’t get lost, please

0: 04: Mónica: We will start at a Jewish cemetery here nearby where there are three monuments…Do we distribute the leaflet?

0: 58: Lucas: Yes, I’ll do that

1: 00: Mónica: As I was saying, there are three monuments: one to the memory of the Holocaust, one to the memory of the bombs at Jewish Community Center AMIA and the Israeli Embassy.

1:11  And a memorial for the disappeared that includes some boys and girls who used to be students at your school.

1: 21: Ruth: Although you remember, it’s like saying that a little bit of the temple here is with you.

1:28: It is not mandatory but very important that you think perhaps there is someone that doesn’t have anyone to remember him and you say, well I can remember him.

1: 47: Cemetery guide: Many of the disappeared we remember here were pupils at ENAM, your school.

1:56: Cemetery guide: So, you’ll find their names here as well as in the neighbourhood Jewish Community Center on Meeks Street, and on the ENAM flagstone.

2: 22: Lucas: this is a clandestine detention centre. It’s called the “Pozo de Banfield”. Did you know this place?

2: 29: Students: yes, yes.

2: 32: Lucas: Well, “Pozo de Banfield l was one of many clandestine centres for detention, torture and extermination, that is how these places are called.

2: 41: Students preparing for a photo: Come over, teacher.

2: 47: Lucas: In those first years of dictatorship the repressive deployment was fierce and one of the characteristic forms the Argentinian dictatorship took was the use of clandestine detention centres.

3: 11: Mónica (at the Emmanuel mural): This is a memorial for Emmanuel. And note that it uses the same words used at the concentration camp: “Whoever leaves a mark does not disappear”.

3:22: So, in a certain way the memorial at the concentration camp serves also as an inspiration for modes of remembering. In this case, this young man who used to live in this area and was violently killed.

3: 53: Alberto (in Santa Catalina): Think that Santa Catalina, as you can see it in the map, is almost 5 kilometres in length and holds a great variety of environments, plus all that is of historical-cultural value

4: 07: Students doing interviews: You are not giving me enough time. How do I feel in the reserve? It is truly very cool

4: 14: Students doing interviews: The bags that were there, the wine bottles, the nappies…Nappies! The jumper, the leavers t-shirt, the jumper and the t-shirt

4: 24: Bruno: But they realise there are no professionals nor qualified persons to work the land.

4:29: Bruno: Thus, they decide to create Santa Catalina and make an agreement with the government of the Buenos Aires Province to set up the first Agrarian School in Argentina

4: 40: Alberto: Wetlands are defined as sites associated to water; water that can be superficial or underground and can be permanent or temporary.

4:51: In Argentina there are many types, they can be rivers, their shores, lagoons, lakes, also swamps, marshlands and the peat bogs as well, which are very typical wetlands where there is acidity,

5:07: for example, in Tierra del Fuego, in Patagonia. They are also important around the world. They are sources of drinking water, biodiversity and human sustenance.

5: 20: Students doing interviews: There’s a lot of people

5: 26: Teacher: Beautiful, there’s a very rich aroma coming from the trees, from the eucalyptus. We have a beautiful day, the right temperature.

5: 39: Student: It’s good, to experience the path, the woods, the reserve. It’s good. You can see many things we didn’t know. Or historical events that were lost here and we found them.

5: 59: Students doing interviews: We are here with Nora. She is a survivor of one of the kidnappings during the civil-military dictatorship in 1976.

6:14: What can you tell us about how you feel some connection with our generation? Any message you want to give to us?

6: 19: Nora: I think what you did is extraordinary, because, as it was pointed out, it is a continuity. It is not like there was a Never Again and all that ended and everything was solved.

6:32: No. A lot was done but the same problem continues. And we see there is some denial. There are a lot of people saying that it never happened or starting to doubt it.

6:45: So, we are here, I am happy to see how you learn about all this, become interested, and do not want you to go through what our generation experienced.

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